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双语:旧上海“十大名媛”的人生结局

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4.周璇

周璇周璇

Zhou Xuan was once the most popular actress in China's entertainment industry. She was born Su Pu in 1920 but was separated from her parents when she was very young and raised by adoptive parents. At the age of 13, she took Zhou Xuan as her stage name. Zhou had enormous success in her lifetime. By the time she died, she was one of China's highest paid entertainers. Her movie "Street Angel" was named one of the 10 classic Chinese films from the twentieth century. Zhou Xuan was also selected as China's most outstanding actress. She died of cephalitis in 1957.

如果说胡蝶是旧上海胶片里的精灵,那么周璇就是旧上海老唱片的最华美的音符。说到旧上海的红颜沉香,周璇是一块弥久真的香玉,就象她的名字子里有个寓意为玉石的“璇”一样,她的一生,华丽而又沉重。

周璇儿时不幸,被几经送养,七八岁时,被送进一个歌舞班,处次涉及文艺。1934年,上海《大晚报》举办“播音歌星竞选”,周璇结果名列第二,电台称誉她的嗓子“如金笛沁入人心”,获得了“金嗓子”的称号,从此唱红上海滩。

1937,周璇演唱的《何日君再来》,一时成为家喻户晓的流行歌曲;1941年,周璇还在影片《马路天使》中演唱了《四季歌》和《天涯歌女》,这两首歌流传至今,成为不朽的经典名曲。

“金嗓子”周璇不仅唱歌出众,还在光影中呈现了她的风采,其中《马路天使》是周璇的代表作品。据说抗战胜利后,赵丹与周璇在上海相遇,问周璇这些年拍了些什么片子?周璇不无伤感地说:“不要提了,没有一部是我喜欢的戏,我这一生中只有一部《马路天使》……”

周璇的情感生活坎坷,三次婚恋都以失败而告终,正像她在歌曲里所唱的:天地苍苍,人海茫茫,知音的人儿在何方?叫人费思量……不疯魔,不成活,在演艺圈无限风光的周璇却被诊断有精神疾病,1957年,她突发性脑炎被送进医院,一代红颜,就此离开了人世。但她的声音,仍在今天生长不息。

3.胡蝶

胡蝶胡蝶

Born in 1908, Hu Die was a film actress from the late 1920s to the 1960s. She had her most brilliant period in the 1930s and 1940s. She played the leading role in China's first sound film, "The Singsong Girl." She appealed to a broad audience and her starring roles broke box-office records. Hu was one of the few formally trained actresses. In 1924, she enrolled in the China Film School and began her meteoric rise to stardom. She was crowned China's first Film Queen in 1933 when she was 25. She moved to Canada in 1975 and died in 1989.

在一个小资如此盛行的年代,旧上海无疑是很多人的梦想家园。十里洋场上的那些灯红酒绿、风花雪月,被压缩进一张张发黄的胶片,把往昔的浮华和荣耀一直闪烁到今天,胡蝶就是那些胶片里最华丽的影象。

虽然在如今的上海辅庆里,这个长大后改名为“胡蝶”的女孩,已渐渐陌生,但循着那股深刻入骨的味道,我们可以在70多年前风雨飘摇的旧上海找到那抹沉香。那时候她的名字是这个城市的骄傲,也是这座城市的味道。旧上海传奇女星胡蝶先后主演了百余部影片,成功地饰演了中国不同阶层的各类女性形象,成为中国电影拓荒期和成长期的同步人和见证人。

胡蝶加冕影后,不仅受到影迷们的追捧,也为广告商所青睐,做的广告自然最多,以她的名字命名的商品也是不少,就连喜欢启用国际巨星做宣传的力士香皂,也请了胡蝶来做广告。在当时看来,胡蝶的形象非常符合中国民间传统的美女标准。她除了脸若银盘、明眸皓齿、肤如凝脂之外,双颊上的一对酒窝更是她的招牌。这个以“梨涡美人”扬名影坛的明星是那个时代中国男性的“梦中情人”。

1975年,胡蝶赴加拿大定居,化名为潘宝娟。1989年4月23日,翩舞人间近百年的胡蝶在温哥华因病与世长辞。她临终前的最后一句话是:“胡蝶要飞走了!”胡蝶最终蝶化而去,她那美丽的身影却长留人间,一同留下的还有那剪不断理还乱的前尘往事,胡蝶就这样飞走了,在另一个世界里继续翩翩起舞,最终化成了花儿的灵魂,只留下那缕余香,仍执拗地钻入我们的灵魂深处。

2.张爱玲

张爱玲张爱玲

Zhang Ailing, born in Shanghai in 1920 to a renowned family, was a writer. Her works frequently deal with the tensions between men and women in love and are considered to be among the best Chinese literature. Even in secondary school, Zhang Ailing already displayed great talent in literature. Her writings were published in the school magazine. In 1939, Zhang received a scholarship to study at the University of London, though she passed on the opportunity because of war in China. She then went on to study literature in the University of Hong Kong. Zhang died from cardiovascular disease in 1995 at the age of 75. Her well-knonw works include Eighteen Springs and Lust, Caution。

在旧上海的班驳沉香中,张爱玲永远是那第一炉香,当我们在揭开旧上海那本如花相册时,第一眼总是留给了张爱玲。泛黄的纸张,模糊的黑白印刷,一代奇女子却身着一袭华丽的旗袍,倨傲的仰着头……相信所有的人都会在那一刻迷恋上这个女子的传奇、高贵以及骄傲。

初读张爱玲,大多都在那个似懂非懂的年龄,是看不出什么的。只是那种朦朦胧胧的旧上海的小资,象那杯咖啡,蔓延开来,充满整个心情;再读张爱玲,感慨于那句名言:出名要趁早啊……原来在她的洞察世故的冷目之后,也有此感慨!三读张爱玲,心情来自她的情感世界,在看似坚强、高傲的张爱玲背后,一个的情路坎坷,再多的高傲也只能化为无奈。于是,张爱玲精心点燃的那炉香,总会在夜深人静的时候,熏湿了若干年后你我的眼睛,那刻的红颜沉香,竟是如此的深重。

“生命是一袭华丽的长袍,爬满了虱子”,尘世有多么繁华热闹,张爱玲随手轻轻一揭,却让我们看见繁华似锦的幕布后哀凉的人生荒漠。在一般的感觉里,苍凉就应该是灰蒙蒙的那种,有些恍惚,有些迷离,而她的苍凉偏不如此,五光十色的,温暖的,舒适的,竟是那抹化不开的香。

1.阮玲玉

阮玲玉阮玲玉

Ruan Lingyu, born in 1910, is one of the most prominent Chinese film stars of the 1930s. Her first screen appearance in 1927 was in the film "Husband and Wife in Name." In spite of her lack of formal education, she was diligent and scrupulous in every detail of her acting. Contrast to her success on the screen, her personal life was a tragedy. She fell in love with Zhang Damin, the young master of the house her mother worked, before starting her film career. But in a class-divided society they could not marry. Their relationship deteriorated when she became a successful actress. She later left Zhang and lived with a businessman, Tang Jishan. Zhang created a scandal when he sued Tang for damage in the 1930s, and Ruan was hounded by the tabloid press. Under severe pressure, Ruan poisoned herself with an overdose of barbiturates in Shanghai in 1935, at the age of 25.

隔岸凝望,属于岸那边的旧上海的浮华虽说已迷人眼,但浮华背后却是种莫明的痛。那种忧伤的心情味道,我们隔了时光的海寄给了阮玲玉,一个旧上海悲剧女王的戏梦人生。

影片《阮玲玉》为我们呈现了陆离的旧上海风貌,以及阮玲玉的传奇一生。张曼玉的袅娜和颓废的华丽真实地把那颗70年前的香魂交到了我们的手上,穿越岁月的沉淀,张曼玉打开了属于阮玲玉的那炉沉香。

阮玲玉是真正为无声电影而生的人,虽然她没有在银幕上说过一句话,这个“默片时代”的女王,只用肢体和眼神就为我们传递了窒息的风情。

1926年,迫于生计的阮玲玉出任影片《挂名夫妻》女主角,一举成名。1929年,阮玲玉主演影片《故都春梦》,扮演妓女燕燕获得成功,奠定了她在影坛的地位。阮玲玉表演艺术的黄金时期是上世纪三十年代中期,她先后主演了《三个摩登女性》、《小玩意》、《城市之夜》、《神女》、《新女性》等很有影响的影片……阮玲玉演技具有丰富的激情又不失纯真、强烈而又细腻熟练、朴素而自然,丝毫没有雕凿的痕迹,于是,中国“葛丽泰·嘉宝”的美誉不胫而走。

然而纤弱、敏感的红颜终归薄命,这位站在中国女演员演技巅峰的女星,却在情感道路上一路坎坷,于是,她在留下“人言可畏”的感慨后,自己结束了她精彩而又无奈的一生,一代红颜香消玉陨。

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