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双语:旧上海“十大名媛”的人生结局

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上官云珠上官云珠
7.上官云珠 

Shangguan Yunzhu was born in 1920 in Jiangsu Province. In 1937, she and her family were forced to leave for Shanghai to escape from the chaos caused by war. There, she was admitted to a drama school. Shangguan made her first movie in the 1940s and began to distinguish herself in film circles. Many of her movies in the late 1940s became classics in China's movie history. She was famous for her films such as the Crow and the Sparrow and Spring River Flows East. Shangguan was harassed to death during the Cultural Revolution in 1968.

出生于江苏的上官云珠到了19岁才开始了她真正意义上的人生,这一年,她几经辗转来到上海,在蒲石路(今长乐路)庆福里236弄18号拥挤的弄堂房子里,上官云珠开始了她上海滩十里洋场的美丽人生。

四十年代初,上官云珠拍摄了她的电影处女作《玫瑰飘零》,开始在影坛上崭露头角。20世纪40年代后期。她在“左翼”文化运动领导的昆仑影业公司里所拍摄的许多进步影片,如《一江春水向东流》、《丽人行》、《早春二月》、《万家灯火》、《乌鸦与麻雀》等,后来都成为中国著名经典名片,上官云珠,这个旧上海十里洋场洇染下走出来的女子,终于脱胎换骨,凝成一段冰清玉洁的沉香。

上官云珠的女人香别有情趣,她眉眼俏丽,还有合乎江南人审美的精巧的小嘴,一幅典型的上海美女精明世故模样,在那里面带着一点风尘气的冶艳和江南小家碧玉的本分,所以她常被导演选中演上海的交际花,商人家庭的少奶奶,暴发户张狂的妻子,在细细的画眉下,她的眼睛,会表现出锋利的刮胡刀一样的刻薄。

但上官云珠的洁身自爱并没有让她逃脱历史的捉弄,在“文化大革命”期间,上官云珠受到残酷迫害,于1968年11月22日去世。

王人美王人美
6.王人美

Wang Renmei was born into a scholarly family in 1914. At the age of 13, she joined the Bright Moon Troupe. The record-breaking film "Song of the Fisherman" established Wang as a household name, and her bold screen persona gained her the nickname Wild Cat. In the film, she played a character quite similar to herself in many ways. Her outgoing and bold personality was a hit with movie-goers. After her marriage to Jin Yan, also a famous film actor, her career went downhill. Her company would not renew the contract, claiming that as a married woman she could not be as popular. The pressures of the marriage also played a part in her professional decline. In 1985, Wang Renmei's memoir "My Rise to Fame and Unhappiness" about her life in the Shanghai film industry during the 1930s was published. She died after falling into a vegetative state in 1987 at age 73.

有关上海的诸多往事中,总少不了那些红颜的影子。她们躲在岁月红尘的深处,眼波流转,巧笑倩兮,与许多年前旧上海鲜活的景象毫无二致。

在旧上海繁华奢靡的浮光掠影中,一个模糊的形象渐渐清晰,她就是王人美,一个在当时以“野猫”之名而享誉影坛的明星。她主演的电影《渔光曲》堪称百年中国电影的经典;她演唱的歌曲《铁蹄下的歌女》七十多年传唱不息;她和旧上海红极一时的影帝金焰的婚恋至今扑逆迷离。而在晚年她总结自己一生的时候,却把成名看成是一生的不幸。

王人美,一个知性红颜的传奇人生。

在电影《渔光曲》中,“小猫”王人美在波光万顷的海面上撒网捕鱼的情景已成为百年中国电影的经典镜头,那片明亮的香云,伴随着她在影片中演唱的主题歌,持续飘香了七十余年而不衰。《渔光曲》的问世,在当时的中国电影界引起了巨大的反响,《渔光曲》首次在银幕上展示了那个年代中国底层劳动人民的悲苦人生。红颜王人美,她由此遗留下来的沉香离民间最近,离我们心情最近。

属于上个世纪的那段美丽肯定是不能延续到现在,多年之后,世界没有轮回,只是远远地还能看见那么一点熟悉的影子,嗅到一些熟悉的味道罢了。而属于老上海的王人美,就是一那一朵花,虽有盛开的灿烂,也有凋落的凄凉。但无论如何,每走一步,都带起风,随风起舞。

5.潘玉良

潘玉良潘玉良
Pan Yuliang was a female painter known in China more for her legendary life than her artistic achievements. Born in 1895, Pan was sold to a brothel at 13 where she later met Pan Zanhua, a customs official. Pan bought her out and married her as a concubine. She started learning painting from their neighbor and was admitted to Shanghai Art Institute, becoming its first female student. After studying in Paris, Pan returned in 1929 after receiving an invitation to teach at Shanghai Art School. She left Shanghai for France again in 1937 and settled down in Paris. She was selected by the overseas Chinese artists in France to be the chairman of the Chinese Art Association. She died in 1977 in Paris, and her works were sent back to China in 1985. Her works are now in a collection at China National Art Gallery in Beijing and Anhui Provincial Museum in Hefei。

潘玉良,可以说是旧上海最为传奇的红颜女子,她扑朔迷离的身世以及迷样的际遇,都让她的名字在她亲手绘制的旧上海画面上定格为一抹亮丽的色彩。

如果说黄莺莺的女人香是从歌声中流淌出来的,那么潘玉良的女人香就是从油彩中飘散出来的。从妓女到小妾到画家,她非同寻常的人生际遇,就像一幅充满了谜语的油画,仿佛带着蒙娜丽莎般的蛊惑魅力让人魂牵梦绕,回味无穷。而从油彩中散发出来的凝香,竟然让一座城市、一个年代沉湎其中,久久不肯梦醒。

第一剧场播出的电视剧《画魂》浓墨重彩地截取了潘玉良一生中最绚丽、最动人的十几年,传说中的才情女人潘玉良就这样在几十年后通过光影与我们再次亲近,这或许就是我们观赏上海滩风情时最渴望的一抹异香吧。

电视剧《画魂》讲述了潘玉良的那段传奇人生:青楼出身的潘玉良十八岁后在两位男人的帮助下走上了艺术之路,并在艺术之都巴黎登峰造极,成为享誉中西的大画家,这绝对是一个异数,更准确地说是一段传奇。与此同时,她终其一生也都挣扎在这两位男人和另一位女人的情感漩涡中,无意依靠却又难以割舍,最后一个人孤独地离世。

这就是上世纪名噪一时的旅法女画家潘玉良,从十里洋场发轫,到艺术之都巴黎,她带给我们的是一段搀杂了旧上海和异国风情的不老沉香。

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